In 1862 and 1863 the United States army imported a recorded 13,263 Lefaucheux model 1854 pinfire revolvers. 10,000 of these were a direct order from Eugène Lefaucheux’s company by the Army’s purchasing agent, Col. G.L Schuyler. Lefaucheux was also supplying Italy a large order at the same time as well as other customers.
There are only 167 of these 13,263 revolvers that specifically have their serial number recorded in the national archives in any documentation that has been found so far. Much of this research has been done over the past few decades by Frank Mallory and the Springfield Research Service.
I have the listing of all of them, but we will focus on 8 specific ones here:
|Serial #||Issue Date||Usage|
|34,719||1863||CO B 9TH MO STATE MILITIA CAV|
|34,750||03/27/1862||CO D 2ND KANS VOL CAV (ISSUED)|
|34,752||1863||CO B 9TH MO STATE MILITIA CAV|
|34,768||1863||CO B 9TH MO STATE MILITIA CAV|
|34,864||1863||CO B 9TH MO STATE MILITIA CAV|
|34,867||1863||CO B 9TH MO STATE MILITIA CAV|
|34,934||03/27/1862||CO D 2ND KANS VOL CAV (ISSUED)|
|34,952||03/27/1862||CO D 2ND KANS VOL CAV (ISSUED)|
The specimen for sale here is serial number 34,859 which fits right within this range that was issued to the 9th Missouri State Militia Cavalry Regiment and the 2nd Kansas Cavalry Regiment.
This gun has Belgian proof marks and inspection marks and has the inscription of E. LEFAUCHEUX INV BREVETE which indicates that Lefaucheux was the inventor and patent holder that licensing was paid to to make this.
The gun has clearly been heavily used and even has some etching in the grip. It is missing the extractor rod as many of these are but does have the loading gate with its spring lock. The cylinder indexes fine and the spring holds at the partial cock where the cylinder can be manually indexed while loading. There are issues with the hammer holding at full cock though it feel like a minor adjustment inside may correct this.
Overall this is a nice example of a Belgian Lefaucheux model 1854 revolver with the American Civil War connection and will likely sell soon.