In 1862 and 1863 the United States Army imported a recorded 13,263 Lefaucheux model 1854 pinfire revolvers. 10,000 of these were a direct order from Eugène Lefaucheux’s company by the Army’s purchasing agent, Col. G.L Schuyler. Lefaucheux was also supplying Italy a large order at the same time as well as other customers. The other 3,263 were gathered from various gun dealers and suppliers in the United States and Europe. There is also an unknown amount of pinfire revolvers that the Confederate Army imported.
There are only 167 of these 13,263 revolvers that specifically have their serial number recorded in the national archives in any documentation that has been found so far. Much of this research has been done over the past few decades by Frank Mallory and the Springfield Research Service.
I have the listing of all of them, but we will list a few specific ones issued in 1863 to CO B 9TH MO STATE MILITIA CAV.
|39,002||1863||CO B 9TH MO STATE MILITIA CAV|
|39,191||1863||CO B 9TH MO STATE MILITIA CAV|
|39,242||1863||CO B 9TH MO STATE MILITIA CAV|
|39,417||1863||CO B 9TH MO STATE MILITIA CAV|
|39,673||1863||CO B 9TH MO STATE MILITIA CAV|
|39,688||1863||CO B 9TH MO STATE MILITIA CAV|
|39,857||1863||CO B 9TH MO STATE MILITIA CAV|
The specimen for sale here is serial number 39,366 which fits right within this range that was issued to the 9th Missouri State Militia Cavalry Regiment.
This gun has Belgian proof marks and inspection marks and has the inscription of E. LEFAUCHEUX INV BREVETE which indicates that Lefaucheux was the inventor and patent holder that licensing was paid to to make this.
The gun has clearly been heavily used and has some condition issues. It is missing the extractor rod as many of these are but does have the loading gate. The hammer spring works well and fully cocks and the trigger releases it as it should. The cylinder does sometimes need a little help indexing as the groves in the back of the cylinder are pretty worn.
Overall this is a nice example of a Belgian Lefaucheux model 1854 revolver with the American Civil War connection and will likely sell soon.